Our Research & Advocacy
The Region’s Expert on the Status of Women’s Economic Self-Sufficiency
To speed the pace of change for gender equity, we need have a deep understanding of the data and illuminate the obstacles and opportunities through research. Our research informs and drives systemic policy change for women in our region and helps elected officials design legislation that effectively addresses issues of employment, living wage, child care, and education and training for working women. Our work is non-partisan and grounded in evidence and data.
We believe equitable policies build equitable communities.
Black Women's Economic Mobility Project
The Cliff Effect is a threshold where a family or individual becomes ineligible for public benefits due to a small raise or promotion, causing their total gross resources to decline. It creates a disincentive for individuals to transition off public benefits and negates the primary objective of these programs— to help lift people out of poverty. Many people who experience the Cliff Effect comment, “I’m working harder and harder, but never seem to get ahead.” The journey to self-sufficiency is a long and complicated one that makes a family economically fragile. Even small financial gains have a potentially negative consequence.
The Women’s Fund began studying the Cliff Effect in 2012 and has produced four research reports diving deeper into this topic. It is also a key focus of our advocacy efforts. The Cliff Effect is a complex issue, involving dozens of government programs at the local, state and federal levels. While there is no easy answer, the Women’s Fund works hard to educate and collaborate with elected officials, business leaders and community partners to understand and identify critical solutions.
Pay Equity & the Salary History Ban
In 2017, we commissioned a study by the Economics Center at the University of Cincinnati to examine pay disparities in our region. The report concludes that women across the Greater Cincinnati area make, on average, 80 cents for every dollar earned by men adding up to an average loss of $327,953 in wages over the course of her career. Through this study, we recommended multiple policy interventions to narrow this gap including removing a candidate’s salary history during the hiring process.
In March 2019, Cincinnati City Council passed a law prohibiting employers in the City of Cincinnati from asking job applicants about salary or wage history, preventing historic gender and racial disparities from following an employee from one job to the next. The gender pay gap remains wide, with women earning around 80 cents for every dollar men make. Black and Latina women see the largest discrepancies--earning around 60 cents and 55 cents, respectively, for every dollar earned by white men. A Salary History ban will protect job seekers from receiving starting salaries that are tied to low past salaries.
The Women’s Fund was a key partner in the passage of this legislation in the City of Cincinnati, providing research and context outlining its benefits.
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Our Policy & Advocacy Activities
- 2021 - Ohio House of Representatives Families, Aging & Human Services House Bill 145 Testimony
- 2020 - Advocated for the prioritization of child care funding in Federal COVID-19 relief legislation
- 2020 - Supported passage of City of Cincinnati gender-neutral changing table legislation
- 2020 - Conducted local, state and federal advocacy in support of unemployed and low-wage workers during early stages of COVID-19 crisis
- 2020 - Produced topline findings and recommendations with the City of Cincinnati Gender Equality Task Force
- 2020 - Supported federal legislation that would ensure paid sick leave for workers during and after a public health emergency
- 2020 - Endorsed Issue 7 Transportation Ballot Initiative
- 2019 - Supported passage of City of Cincinnati’s Salary History Ban
- 2019 - Advocated for the expansion of the Federal Earned Income Tax Credit and Child Tax Credit
- 2017 - Supported development of the Hamilton County Commission on Women & Girls
- 2017 - Supported formation and provided leadership for the City of Cincinnati Gender Equality Task Force
- 2016 - Endorsed Cincinnati Preschool Promise Ballot Initiative
Our Research Studies
- 2020 - Analysis of Black Women's Historical Labor Trends and Systemic Barriers to Economic Mobility
- 2020 - The Cliff Effect and Other Disincentives in our Public Benefit System
- 2019 - 2028 Jobs Outlook Report for Cincinnati MSA
- 2019 - Survey of Legislation to Ameliorate the Cliff Effect
- 2019 - Building Pathways to Economic Self-Sufficiency
- 2018 - Gender Diversity of Boards and Commissions
- 2018 - The Status of the Minimum Wage in the United States
- 2017 - Applying a Gender Lens to the Wage Gap
- 2017 - Unintended Consequences - Changing Workplace Policies to Support Low-Wage Employees
- 2016 - Teachers’ Wages: Critical to Quality Preschool
- 2016 - Outlining the Disincentives and Opportunity Costs for Working Mothers
- 2016 - Cliff Effect Qualitative Insights
- 2014 - 2020 Jobs and Gender Outlook
- 2012 - Women, Poverty and Cliffs
- 2012 - Poverty Indicator
- 2010 - Social Bonds Among Cincinnati-Area Girls
- 2009 - Developing Girls’ & Women’s Leadership
- 2007 - Women in the C-Suite
- 2005 - Pulse Report: A Study on the Status of Women and Girls in Greater Cincinnati